Malaria situation and response

In Mauritania as a whole, malaria is the third most frequent reason for outpatient consultation and hospitalization, after diarrhoea and respiratory infections. In the southern region, however, malaria is the primary cause of mortality and is cited as the most frequent health concern among people seeking medical services. Twelve Anopheles sp. species have been documented in the country. In the southern part of the country, the duration of malaria transmission is around 2-3 months (July to October).

According to the World Malaria Report of 2012, there were 145 000 presumed and confirmed cases of malaria in the country during 2011. This was as low as 26 933 in 1990, and reached a peak of 318 000 in 2003. The main factors affecting malaria incidence over this period have been the development of a hydro-agricultural project in the south and the reappraisal of the oases in the north. However, the precise malaria incidence is uncertain because in many health centres, febrile episodes are often considered as malaria, based only on a clinical diagnosis.

Nouakchott, the capital city of Mauritania has undergone rapid and profound demographic changes during the past three decades due to the rural exodus following drought in the 1970s. The city has struggled to cope with the pace and extent of informal urbanization. Poor housing, lack of sanitation and drainage of surface water, and the development of peri-urban orchards, have resulted in extensive mosquito-favourable environments, encouraging the appearance of vector-borne diseases.

National Malaria Control Programme

The Government of Mauritania has committed to emphasize malaria control as part of the country's Millennium Development Goal (MDG) roadmap and recently allocated US$ 20 million to support the scale-up of MDG 6-related initiatives, including for malaria. Mauritania has been able to increase its domestic contribution to malaria control largely due to strong and steady economic growth of more than 5% per year. Currently an estimated 64% of the population at risk of malaria has access to an insecticide treated net. A further 200 000 nets will be distributed in 2013, but an estimated >1 million nets will be needed to reach the MDG malaria target by 2015. The resources needed to achieve universal coverage with malaria control prevention and treatment interventions are estimated at US$ 45 million over the next five years. All malaria-related activities are implemented under the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) located within the Ministry of Health.

RBM partners' activities

Malaria endemic countries

Multilateral development partners


In the news

World Bank Group Launches New Country Partnership Strategy -

5 October 2013, 7:40 pm

World Bank Group Launches New Country Partnership StrategyAllAfrica.comWashington ? The World Bank Group discussed a new Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for Mauritania today. The four-year strategy, ending in 2016, will guide the World Bank's support for the country. "Mauritania's Country Partnership Strategy reflects plus encore »

Read more

Malian refugees find safety, health risks in Mauritania camp (video)

22 April 2013, 9:55 pm

Malian refugees began arriving in Mauritania in February 2012; today, almost 70,000 people are living in Mbera camp alone. There, they are far from the conflict, but living conditions are difficult and many children are becoming malnourished.

Read more

Deplorable conditions in Mauritania camp hurt Mali refugees

22 April 2013, 11:16 am

The number of consultations in its Mbera camp clinics had risen to 2,500 from 1,500 per week, and that complaints of respiratory infections, diarrhoea, skin infections and malaria were mostly linked to poor living conditions.

Read more
  • Malaria situation and response
  • Funding shortfalls
  • RBM partners' activities
  • In the news