Malaria is a major public health challenge in Ethiopia, contributing 4% of all cases in Africa. The epidemiology of malaria in Ethiopia is well described in national documents - demonstrating the threat to approximately 68% (52 million) of the population at risk from both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax. Malaria varies considerably across different regions of the country, influenced in part by geography and climate, but also as a result of the recent scale up of control measures. This requires variable prevention and control approaches, but does provide the potential to actively create and extend malaria-free areas. These opportunities and challenges are addressed in the current national malaria programme goals and objectives.
As well as having public health impacts, malaria represents a significant impediment to socioeconomic development in the country as a result of loss of work force and time, both of sick people and family members providing care, depletion of income and school absenteeism. Malaria is the leading cause of outpatient department (OPD) visits, health facility admissions and inpatient deaths, accounting for approximately 12% of OPD visits and nearly 10% of all hospital admissions (2008-09).
Malaria transmission is unstable with seasonal, climate conditions and altitude as determinant factors. Seasonal transmission and frequent epidemics occur in highland fringe areas (1500-2500m). There is relatively low transmission duration in lowland areas, river basins and valleys (below 1500m). The major transmission period occurs from September-December, following the June-September rains. Minor transmission occurs in April-May. The incidence of malaria coincides with the major planting and harvesting season for farmers.
Starting from 1997, Ethiopia has applied WHO malaria policies and strategies. The country developed a five-year National Strategic Plan for Malaria Prevention and Control (2011-2015) in order to achieve the following goals:
The major objectives for the period of the plan include:
The countries main strategies are:
UNITAID is dedicating 34 million USD on reducing malaria case-fatality through its project rolling out over the coming weeks to treat the severest cases.Read more
In 2000, international funding for malaria was estimated to be less than US $100 million. Thanks to increased political leadership, donor commitment and coordination, we have seen that number increase significantly, to just under US $2 billion in 2013. And domestic financing for malaria has also increased, from 436 million USD in 2005 to US $522 million in 2012. The result has been nothing short of tremendous. According to the…Read more
In Ethiopia, over two thirds of the population are at risk of malaria. Unlike other sub-Saharan African countries, in Ethiopia, the transmission of the disease can vary significantly from one year to the next. Whilst several years may pass with relatively low levels of malaria, the country is prone to frequent and often large-scale epidemics.Read more
Malaria is the notorious impediment of public health and economic development. Long-lasting, insecticide-treated bed nets/insecticide-treated bed nets (LLINs/ITNs) are among major intervention strategies to avert the impact the killer disease. However, effectiveness of LLINs/ITNs depends on, inter alia, possessing sufficient number, proper utilization and timely replacement of nets. Thus, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends surveys to evaluate possession and proper use of LLINs/ITNs by households.Read more
The African Union Commission (AUC) in collaboration with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria and the African Development Bank (AfDB) will convene a high-level political meeting on increased domestic funding for AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria, in Addis Ababa from November 11-12, 2013.Read more
One of the greatest successes in development aid over the past decade has been the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. The Global Fund has saved millions of lives and helped countries around the world beat back three epidemic diseases. Now it is appealing to the world's governments and the private sector for another three years of funding, with governments set to decide on further financing in early…Read more