Malaria situation and response

Malaria is endemic in the Central African Republic (CAR) all year round and represents the highest cause of death and morbidity. According to 2010 data from the National Health information System, malaria accounts for 58% of all consultations and hospital admissions. During the same year (2010), the estimated prevalence of malaria was 32.8%% in children under five years of age (MICS4). All areas of the country are exposed to endemic malaria. The most widespread strain is Plasmodium falciparum (98%), which is resistant to several antimalarial medicines. A study into resistance carried out in 2003 revealed resistance of 40.9% to chloroquine, 20% to amodiaquine and 22.8% to sulfadoxine/pyrimethamine. Faced with this situation, and with the support of WHO, the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) recommended combination therapies based on artemisinin derivatives for treatment of simple malaria.

National Malaria Control Programme

National efforts to fight strive to achieve a state where "malaria is under control and is no longer a major cause of death".

CAR's NMCP is working towards universal access to the most effective malaria prevention, promotion and treatment interventions at an affordable cost to the entire population of the CAR.

It is expected that the malaria fight will contribute to reducing both malaria-related morbidity and the overall mortality in the general population, in particular among children under five and pregnant women, between now and 2016.

The following specific targets have been identified for the 2008-2015 period:

  • Ensure malaria prevention reaches at least 80% of the general population (including children under five and pregnant women);
  • Ensure adequate care of 90% of malaria cases diagnosed in the health care centres and/or at home;
  • Strengthen the NMCP's institutional, technical and managerial capacities.

The target for the health sector in the National Health Sector Development Plan II (PNDS) for the period 2005-2015 is to contribute to improving the state of health of the CAR population, in particular among the most vulnerable and poorest layers of society. In formulating these goals, the Government has considered global initiatives such as the MDGs, the targets of the Roll Back Malaria GMAP and the resolutions made at the Heads of State meeting in Abuja, Nigeria in May 2006.

RBM partners' activities

Malaria endemic countries

Multilateral development partners


OECD donor countries

In the news

Distributing bed nets to help save lives in Central African Republic

6 March 2015, 11:16 pm

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies are Distributing mosquito nets to help save lives in conflict-torn Central which has rendered close to 850,000 people homeless, has also damaged the country's health system, making it harder to combat malaria, a very preventable and treatable disease.

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Red Cross launches mosquito net distribution campaign in Central African Republic

12 December 2014, 8:48 pm

A nationwide campaign to distribute 2.2 million mosquito nets in Central African Republic has been launched by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), with support from the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

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Central African Republic: UNICEF distributes half a million mosquito nets amid heavy rains and violence

28 August 2014, 8:48 am

Bangui: Amid heavy rains and violence UNICEF and partners have distributed more than half a million mosquito bed nets reaching every

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CAR unveils new anti-malaria strategy

26 March 2014, 5:00 am

The government of the Central African Republic announced the implementation of a strategy to reduce the threat of malaria on the population.

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UNICEF supplies 150,000 mosquito nets in Bangui as rainy season approaches

14 March 2014, 11:40 am

Ahead of the rainy season due to start next month in the Central African Republic (CAR), UNICEF is providing 150,000 mosquito bed nets for 75,000 people displaced in the capital, who have lost their homes because of the conflict.

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Delivering mosquito nets to protect displaced children from malaria in the Central African Republic

8 March 2014, 3:00 am

BANGUI, Central African Republic, 3 March 2014 – Clarisse Pompe stands in a queue to collect her mosquito net at the SOS children’s village in Bangui, Central African Republic. Ms. Pompe, who is 23, is one of the thousands of displaced people who have taken refuge here because of ongoing intercommunal violence. In the past month, the violence has escalated. “One morning, we were here at home, and we just…

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  • Malaria situation and response
  • Funding shortfalls
  • RBM partners' activities
  • In the news